Varicose veins - a disease associated with an increase in deformation and the formation of the nodes of the blood vessels near the surface of the body. The most commonly seen in the legs.
The disease is seen in 20% of women and 10% of men all over the world. The disease is in the early stages of the rarely bothers the patient, but it is fraught with great danger to the life, as at any moment it may be thrombophlebitis. Blood clots that form in varicose veins can break off and move through the bloodstream to vital organs and result in death.
Varicose veins are triggered by the weakness of the wall, and a valve system to the patient. In this system the circulation of the blood through the blood vessels of the legs to the heart, but of the dysfunction of the valve is a stagnation of blood in the legs and increasing the pressure. As a result, the veins become large, weak, and its shape is distorted.
Varicose veins are often affected by the people who have a genetic predisposition. In addition to this, there is the risk of developing the disease increases in people who are overweight, pregnant women, and people who spend a lot of time standing. The main factor that contributes to the development of the disease the process of aging.
The symptoms of this
The disease has two forms (primary and secondary).
The primary form of the disease is associated with a deficiency or a violation of the venous wall. The factors that cause this disease are pregnancy, obesity, congenital weakness of the connective tissue, a prolonged stay in a standing position, and wearing socks with tight elastic bands.
The symptoms of the primary form of varicose veins:
- the fatigue, the weight of the pain and a burning sensation in the feet;
- itching of the vessel;
- swelling of the ankles or feet.
A form of varicose veins caused by the outflow of venous disease, as well as trauma and tumors.
The symptoms of this form are the following:
- swelling of the feet and legs after prolonged standing or sitting;
- the pain in my feet and calves;
- skin changes (increased dryness, discoloration of the skin, the reduction in the thickness of the skin);
- night cramps in the legs;
- trophic ulcers.
Causes of varicose veins in the legs include:
- inherited weakness of the vessel;
- a sedentary life-style;
- the long-term static loads;
- hormonal disorders and hormonal drugs;
- injuries to the leg;
- weight lifting, stretching;
Also at risk are the following:
- students whose classes are linked with a lot of load on your legs;
- the members of the profession who spend far too much time standing (barbers, school teachers, bartenders, and others);
- for those who work sitting, especially people who are in the habit of at this time, in order to throw a leg over the other;
- women who wear heels;
- the lovers of coffee and alcohol, as these foods caused by dehydration, and by thickening of the blood.
If, by the end of the working day, you experience a mild swelling and a person feels heaviness in the lower limbs, this may signal the beginning of the varicose veins in the legs. In addition, to alert the regular cramps and pain in the calf. And the eyes of the visible symptoms of varicose veins usually begin with the appearance of spider veins, then, are the irreversible processes in a large vein.
The treatment of
The treatment of the disease includes the use of medication to alleviate the condition or to improve the tone of blood vessels. In addition to this, it is recommended that the vitamin A, b,C, and E) and minerals (magnesium, calcium, zinc, lecithin). For the treatment of varicose veins, it is advisable to use a method such as the following:
- microwave resonance therapy;
- UHF (need therapy);
- magnetic therapy;
- the laser therapy;
- electroacupuncture stimulation.
However, severe varicose veins performed sclerotherapy or surgery. Sclerotherapy is the implementation of a special injection of the medicinal product, which leads to an overgrowth of varicose veins, and surgery that involves the removal of the expanded veins.
However, the experts strongly recommend the regular exercise easy to prevent the disease:
- avoid prolonged sun exposure, do not get involved the hot bath and the sauna, as this reduces venous tone and leads to stagnation of blood in the legs;
- they lead an active way of life, a lot of movement, and implementation.
- to monitor their diet and limit the amount of salt consumption;
- wearing tight clothes socks or stockings with tight elastic bands, which leads to a compression of the blood vessels;
- do not wear tight shoes, and the heels;
- not to throw a leg over the other, it does not stay long in sitting or standing position;
- to take a contrast shower;
- eat foods rich in fiber to prevent constipation, that may cause the appearance of varicose veins;
- it is not every day a self-massage of the legs;
- the performance of the therapeutic and remedial gymnastics.
Varicose veins of the pelvis
Varicose veins of the pelvis is pathology, which is found primarily in women of child-bearing age.
There are two variants of the disease: venous plethora of the pelvis, and varicose veins of the perineum and the vulva. This division is conditional, since more than half of all cases of varicose veins of the pelvis perineum and the vulva causes impaired outflow of blood from the veins of the pelvis, and vice-versa.
The initial mechanism for the development of the disease during pregnancy. Even though there is a predisposition to the disease may be detected before the pregnancy with an ultrasound.
Depending on the severity of the disease, the specialist determines what method of treatment are conservative or operative. Varicose veins of the pelvis 1 to 2 ° c is often used by conservative therapy (such as physiotherapy). And, in the absence of effect of conservative treatment or in the presence of grade 3 disease, and surgical intervention.