Under varicose veins, or varicose veins, which implies a pathological process that leads to the blood, the excessive charging of the venous bed. In this case, the vein wall becomes thinner with the appearance of the hills, and the creation of specific nodes, or lumps along the vein.
What are the General principles of the treatment of varicose veins?
In this process, it can affect blood vessels of different localization – esophageal, hemorrhoidal, veins of the spermatic cord. But most often, this pathology develops in the veins of the lower extremities.
This is due to the characteristics of the structure and function of blood vessels in the same anatomical region. The exact lower limb, especially the tibia, are experiencing the maximum static and dynamic loads.
The outflow of venous blood, which is in the direction of the upward, against the force of gravity. This will be achieved through the work of the chest, the pumping function of the heart, tension of the muscles of the diaphragm, the lower limbs and also smooth muscle with the presence of specific entities, bicuspid venous valves. These valves prevent the backflow of venous blood.
The veins of the lower limb, represents the superficial and the deep venous network. Under the influence of a variety of different cause factors (excessive weight gain, endocrine disturbances, is of the nature of the work, or pregnancy) develops in the insufficiency of venous valves, the water in the overflow for a deep vein blood.
The excess of blood from the deep vein to be reset at the surface. The superficial veins are also overfilled with blood, their walls are stretched, the length increases, which the pathological of the disease, with the presence of each of the nodes. Since the forming of varicose veins.
The treatment of varicose veins is designed to:
- The strengthening of the venous walls
- The improvement of the venous valves
- The elimination of local inflammatory manifestations in the form of dermatitis, eczema, and
- To improve the venous blood flow of the microcirculation of the blood in the lower extremities
- The strengthening of the muscles of the legs
- The prevention of complications from varicose veins – vein thrombosis, venous ulcers, and pulmonary embolism
The treatment of
The use of medicinal products in the treatment of varicose veins is a global leader in the conservative treatment of varicose veins. The main focus of medication treatment is that the drugs from the group of protectors that strengthen the vein walls.
As effective fruit extract of horse chestnut. Among the drugs for the treatment of varicose veins play an important role in s. One of them, a Vit. P (routines) and fortifies the walls of the vessel.
In General, the treatment of varicose veins should be made to integrate and combine the preparation of injectable preparations, for both indoor and outdoor use. Among the latter group are creams and gels with non steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids). In addition, to reduce the inflammation nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to reduce the risk of thrombosis, which is also important for varicose veins.
During the compression (squeezing) in to the veins is a narrowing of the lumen. This saves the current venous blood, eliminates the congestion of the surface of the vein.
The simplest form of a compression – tight bandaging elastic bandage, which is carried out from the base of the toes, with the transition to the foot, tibia and femur.
It is important that the views of a wrap has been a smooth one, and each and every of the next round overlap of not less than 2/3 of the previous one. More recently, elastic bandaging is gradually decreasing. In fact, it is more efficient, convenient and attractive accessories in the form of a specially-made stockings, tights, and even "the member states".
Physical therapy, physical therapy
During physical therapy, for the treatment of varicose veins is shown:
- muscle electro-stimulation.
During these processes, the strengthening of the muscles of the lower leg, venous vascular wall, improves venous valves. However, these methods are contraindicated in cases when varicose veins are accompanied by intense pain. You can't use it with any skin, the pathological processes, including trophic ulcers.
The physiotherapeutic methods involving, and medical (oxygen, mineral) bath and stay in a mud cure resorts.
Physical therapy, physical therapy
Physical therapy and Therapeutic physical culture. The assessment of physical load at the same time strengthening the muscles of the lower limbs, improve venous valves, which in turn allows for the outflow of venous.
During the exercises, it up and bending the leg at the knee, rolling up of the toes to the heel. Effectively, a Run, play in the pool.
Physiotherapy is not indicated for thrombotic complications of varicose veins. Also, it is not desirable for jumping, skiing, playing sports, and weightlifting.
It is perhaps, among all the types of treatment, traditional medicine offers the richest Arsenal of means for treatment of varicose veins.
Most of these herbs are used as infusions, decoctions, compresses. In this role, you use a horsetail, celandine, hops, nettle.
In folk recipes for the treatment of varicose veins of popular, food – nuts, honey, Apple cider vinegar, vegetable oil and butter.
It should be noted that folk remedies for the treatment of varicose veins should be treated only as a Supplement to the standard state of the art. However, to completely ignore this kind of treatment, which should not be.
Some of the folk remedies such as horse chestnut, to find the best use in the manufacture of modern medicines for the treatment of varicose veins.
Another unconventional method of treatment, by leeches. From the saliva of leeches, a substance that reduces blood clotting and thus prevent thrombosis in the arteries. The substance also has an anti-inflammatory action.
In addition to this, it is in the collection of the blood of the leech, it reduces the flow of blood in the veins. It should be noted that the treatment is only being used for one-time use of medicinal leeches, it is not dangerous in terms of respiratory complications.
The classic method of surgical treatment of varicose veins of the legs, which involves the removal of extended surface areas of the saphenous veins.
Even though the trauma of this operation low, it has decided that it is only in extreme cases of varicose veins, which runs when the above conservative methods are ineffective.
A relatively new method of treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. At its core, however, lies in the fact that the varicose vein entered the special substance.
Under the influence of these substances, the walls of the varicose vein to stick together, and the lumen is reduced.
As a result, the place of the blood vessels resulting a painless plug. In order to achieve the result of the required multiple injections of sclerosing substances.
In this way, the treatment of which requires the experience and expertise of the doctor performing it. Similar to the effect of the treatment was achieved by laser photocoagulation. In this case, the bonding of blood vessels occurs under the influence of the laser beam.
In the treatment of varicose veins, which are almost never used, only one of the above-mentioned methods. For example, physiotherapy exercises should be combined with medication and physical therapy.
And after sclerotherapy, it is mandatory to use the tool for compression. In any case, the method of treatment of varicose veins and their sequence is to be determined by the physician – a specialist in the treatment of venous pathology.