Varicose veins: risk factors and prevention

Varicose veins

Varicose disease of the lower extremities is the most common disease of the peripheral vessels, which is made in violation of the outflow of blood from the venous system. According to various estimates, suffer from varicose veins 25-40% of women and 10-15% of men of working age.

Varicose veins of the violations that occur within the walls of the vessel, and, depending on the form of the disease, which may be intra-dermal, or subcutaneous, is more-or-less common, obvious or subtle. Sometimes, the patients that suffer from varicose veins include the "stars" - spider veins, or trophic disorders (darkening of the skin on the legs, the seal of the subcutaneous tissue, and other events).

Risk factors

The main reason for the development of varicose veins include the following:

  1. A genetic inclination. The disease may be pronounced with the "family" character, which affects the relatives in the descending line.
  2. Course of pregnancy.
  3. The weight of the.
  4. Work and sports, is associated with heavy physical exertion, heavy lifting, strong muscular tension. The long-term static position – sitting or standing work).
  5. Hormonal drugs.
  6. The wearing of tight clothes and shoes.
  7. Disorders of the digestive system (prone to constipation).
  8. Diseases of the liver and gall bladder (hepatitis, congestion of the bile, etc.).

Complications of varicose veins

Varicose veins of causing serious complications that are more severe than the disease itself:

Thrombophlebitis. Inflammation of a vein with the formation in the lumen of a thrombus (blood clot). A blood clot, which can lead to pain and hinder walking, and working. Part of a clot, or the entire thrombus can begin to move through the bloodstream, carrying the threat of suspension of all the vessels and endangering the lives of.

The trigger for the development of a thrombosis, you can:

  • damage the zone of varicose veins;
  • overheating (bath or sauna);
  • dehydration;
  • a high body temperature;
  • of alcohol intoxication;
  • a long stay in a sitting position in a car, or flying in an airplane).

Trophic ulcers. Experience in the areas of varicose, bleed, and are very difficult to treat.

Changes in the blood composition and increase its viscosity.

Thromboembolism. A blockage by a clot, one of the heart arteries.

Symptoms and diagnosis

The external manifestation of varicose disease is:

  • the presence of a venous network on the legs;
  • the translucence of thin blood vessels;
  • swelling of the legs;
  • cramps;
  • the tiredness and heaviness of the feet, at the end of the work day;
  • leg pain after strong physical exertion;
  • the presence of a distinct vein of the node;
  • the education of trophic ulcers.
The main method of diagnosis of varicose veins – ultrasound duplex scanning of the veins of the legs (such as an ultrasound).

The treatment of

varicose veins

Currently, there are two types of treatment of varicose veins:

  1. Conservative. An integrated approach to the treatment of varicose veins include the following:
    • the cleaning of the body;
    • the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the liver;
    • the external use of special creams and gels which will strengthen the walls of blood vessels, improve their elasticity, as well as a relieve swelling and fatigue in the legs,
    • pharmaceutical preparations in the form of a capsule;
    • hirudotherapy (use of leeches) is one of the most effective conservative treatment of varicose veins and its complications;
    • physiotherapy;
    • wearing compression hosiery.
    For the implementation of the programmes of treatment which is the best for up to 1 month with breaks of 2-3 months.
  2. Surgery. Surgery to remove the damaged portion of the vessel. The modern method of treatment is sclerotherapy. While in the affected vein injection of a special substance, on the Vienna and the fall of the market – it will be disabled. The outflow of venous to be carried out, in roundabout ways, the ways of the support. For cosmetic purposes, they can be used by micro-sclerotherapy to spider veins.

The prevention of

  1. Wear only comfortable and loose-fitting clothes and shoes that are not constricted and does not pinch the blood vessels.
  2. Also, avoid lifting and carrying heavy objects.
  3. If you have a sedentary or standing work, it is very important to do warm-UPS and breaks.
  4. To slow down the progression of the disease, if the regular use of compression stockings: the special elastic stockings, socks, panty hose, tights, stockings, leotards.
  5. Use elastic bandages to support the veins to the normal condition.
  6. It makes sense that it is carried out through with the legs: lay on your back – "Bicycle", "scissors", etc.
  7. For the prevention of varicose helpful, walking, swimming, jogging, riding a Bike, on the contrary, the shower on my feet.
  8. Keep an eye out for the normal functioning of the intestines. Drink a lot of water and eat enough fresh fruit and vegetables (400 g per day).