Varicose veins: symptoms and treatment for men and women

The article on varicose veins in the legs. We are going to talk about the symptoms and causes of disease, methods of treatment.

What are varicose veins

Varicose veins — a disease that occurs due to the distention of the peripheral veins beneath the skin. In the majority of cases, the disease is seen on the surface of the muscles of the leg and the vein is on the blue hue, they are winding and hilly.

Also, the design of the nodes, and the destruction of the valvular apparatus, causing the flow of blood in the veins broken. When you close the flaps of the valves when the trouble starts. The blood is not able to raise it, as it usually happens, and in the blood vessels, because of its stagnation under the pressure.

The high pressure of the blood stretches the walls of the blood vessels, which are of different thickness. The vessel, which is stretched and its edges press against the dermis and becomes visible. For this reason, they are typically spider veins. If the vessel is visible through the layer of the dermis, it talks about their weakness. The thicker the blood vessels, more visible with its blue paint. Shaped tubers, which are visible on the legs.

Varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins affect one out of 4 humans on the planet. An important factor in the development of the pathology is the lack of the development of the connective tissue. For the creation of the development of the varicose veins need to be predisposing conditions.

According to the statistics, this pathology, suffering from 20% of the world's population and 50 percent of patients with the early stages of the disease are not even aware of their disease. Most often, varicose veins are suffering from the fair sex.

How dangerous are varicose veins

The main risk of varicose veins lies in the occurrence of complications of the disease, such as the following:

  1. Phlebitis is characterized by the formation of the inflammatory process on the inner side of the vessel. The skin gets a reddish hue, and each and every touch, it hurts. If, at the same time inflamed veins, more for the health of the person affected. In the case of the untimely beginning of treatment, the disease develops into thrombosis.
  2. As a result of thrombophlebitis occur in the blood of the seal, in other words, blood clots. Accurate diagnosis is an ultrasound of the angio-a review, ultrasound, reovasography. Outside, you can see the redness and a mark on the field of the inflamed veins. The disease is sometimes accompanied by a slight rise in the temperature of the body. If blood clots occur in the deep veins, and the patient begins a deadly threat. In order to avoid death, a necessary surgery.
  3. Thrombosis is a complication of varicose veins, as it is extremely difficult to identify due to the location of the clots as they are formed in the deep veins of the without an infection. After a while, you will notice the formation of a thrombus by external signs, for example, a severe swelling of the blood vessels. On the surface of the skin, which is a blood clot, the dermis is of a red shade with a blue shimmer in it.
  4. Trophic ulcers — in the case of a disease caused by a defect of the blood circulation, which further leads to the disruption of the tissues of the body. A minor injury may cause the spread of the sores in the Shins. Is often complicated, which is accompanied by the occurrence of dermatitis and respiratory processes.

In order to prevent the serious complications of patients with venous insufficiency is to be taken seriously for their health, for a visit to the phlebologist.

The symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The first symptoms of varicose veins can be gently expressed, as follows:

  • the vessel of the eye, obtains a blue-purple color;
  • the fatigue, the itching, soreness and a burning feeling in my feet until the evening;
  • numbness and twitching of the muscles of the night.

With the development of changes in vessels vein symptoms are worse because of it

  • the dermis in the areas of varicose veins become thick, it is in the form of flakes and is covered with blue dots;
  • the pain in the calf becomes more and more intense, and on a more regular basis;
  • occur the venous node, with a touch screen that is causing the pain.

The stage

Experts differ as to the 4 phases of the disease:

  • The first stage is the almost complete absence of complaints, with the exception of a small cosmetic irregularity.
  • The second stage — the appearance of heavy legs, slight swelling, irregular and night cramps of the calf muscles.
  • The third stage is the formation of spots of red, blue and then to brown thickening of the skin and mild swelling in the legs, swelling of the. The change of color indicates the progression of the disease, it is important to start the therapeutic measures to be undertaken.
  • The fourth stage, thrombophlebitis, and venous ulcers, while ignoring the treatment. Ulcers formed in any damage to to eliminate them is almost impossible.

Varicose veins on the legs in women

According to statistics, varicose disease, which is diagnosed in women 4 times more often than men. While varicose veins can occur in both young girls and adult women.

One of the main factors of the disease among women is weight gain during menopause. This is due to the influence of hormones (progesterone, estrogen) that reduce the tone of blood vessels.

The genetic influence on the development of the disease is not fully understood, however, 25% of the respondents had close relatives who were at risk of suffering from this disease.

During pregnancy

Varicose veins during pregnancy due to the influence of the factors on a woman's body:

Varicose veins
  • the increase in the volume of blood;
  • the increase of the uterus, the compression of the retroperitoneal veins;
  • hormonal changes, increased levels of progesterone;
  • the increase in intra-abdominal pressure, and, in the process of delivery.

The disease, during pregnancy, develops in the first few months. The clinical symptoms begin to appear in the middle of the second quarter.

Varicose veins in men's legs

The main factors that contributed to the formation of varicose veins in the legs and in men are the following:

  • I;
  • a lot of physical effort;
  • the abuse of alcoholic beverages;
  • constipatio;
  • an unbalanced diet;
  • the lack of movement;
  • the lifting of the weights.

Men's work is often associated with physical activity. The regular stress can lead to stenosis of the saphenous vein.

Another factor in the development of the disease is the consumption of high-calorie, fatty foods, and insufficient consumption of Magnesium and omega-3.

The treatment of the disease, which occurs in the same way as a woman.

The treatment of varicose veins in the legs

Effective treatment for varicose in the legs, it is necessary to solve a particular problem:

  • the removal of the varicose syndrome;
  • the removal of the signs of the disease;
  • the prevention of a recurrence.

The first problem is solved with the help of drug therapy and surgical intervention. Conservative treatment is aimed at removing the signs of disease, drug, treatment, and compression), and the prevention of physical therapy, elastic compression).

In the early stages of the disease apply conservative treatment:

  • the medication that the doctor prescribed (anticoagulants and phleboprotector);
  • the local application of gels and ointments;
  • the compress;
  • Physical therapy, physical therapy, and exercises;
  • a proper diet and a healthy way of life.

Compression, a conservative treatment is required at all stages of the disease. The use of compression socks are able to eliminate blood stasis, and to create favorable conditions for the microcirculation of the vessels. Jerseys, with the maximum pressure selected based on the extent of varicose veins:

  • Class 1 — the initial stage of the disease;
  • Class 2 — varicose veins syndrome of "tired legs";
  • Grade 3 — presence of a complication of diseases.

Folk remedies

Folk medicine offers a number of tools that are aimed at reducing the symptoms of the disease and eliminate aches and pains. Here are some of the most effective way to be able to cook for yourself at home.


Varicose veins of the lower extremities


  • black bread — 1 piece;
  • camphor oil — 20 ml;
  • the fruits of wild chestnuts — 50 g.
  1. Directions: Spread the bread with butter, on top sprinkle the dried fruit of the chestnut.
  2. The use of the result of the composition of the subject by a zealous International, and fix it with an elastic bandage, you leave the poultice overnight.
  3. Effect: the Elimination of the pain after 10 sessions.

Apple cider vinegar to the varicose veins in the legs

Every day at night to RUB the vinegar on the inflamed area of the skin. The duration of treatment is 30 days. You can carry out the procedure in the morning, but as it is, you should lie down for an hour.

To enhance the effect of the drink apple cider vinegar diluted in water with honey on an empty stomach, 30 minutes before a meal. The duration of treatment is 1 month.

Apple cider vinegar, diluted in water, can be used as a lotion for the inflamed veins. If you want to do this, dissolve in a glass of water, 2 tbsp. vinegar, dampen a clean part of the rag and apply to the affected vein. Do the procedure two hours before going to bed.

The means of varicose veins in the legs

Medical therapy must be carried out in courses of 2 times a year for 2 to 3 months. For the treatment to apply phleboprotector to eliminate the symptoms of the disease, increase the tone of blood vessels, prevents the occurrence of inflammation in the walls of the blood vessels and improve the microcirculation of the vessels.

In a phlebology practice, the successful use of a drug on the basis of the flavonoids (a substance found in a plant organism). To quickly and effectively eliminate the symptoms of the ointments and gels for local use.

Drug therapy can not eliminate the disease but to slow down the progression of the disease.

The prevention of

In order to prevent the formation of varicose veins using the following guidelines:

  • especially the use of venotonics;
  • do not throw a leg over the other while sitting;
  • the daily cleaning of the intestine from harmful substances, preventing the formation of constipatio;
  • did you take a break, while still working, let your feet relax;
  • follow a diet, to avoid weight gain, reduce the intake of salt;
  • if you need to wear compression stockings;
  • limit your intake of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products;
  • might be spending more time outside in the fresh air;
  • do a self-massage, stop by the application of vegetable and essential oils;
  • see your doctor regularly.